When to plant -- Plant your seeds when you receive them for best germination.
Getting started -- You may plant each seed in individual, small containers. Or you plant them all in a single
container, but it may be difficult to transplant them later. Either way, use pots with drainage holes
For soil, use a well draining mix
high in organic matter. A typical mix is 2 parts potting soil to 1 part
(use small- or medium-size perlite, not large chunks), or
coarse sand. An alternate mix is 1 part perlite to 1 part
coir fiber, with some slow-release fertilizer added.
Fill the pots with soil and place a seed or 2 on the surface. Tap
the pot gently to settle the seeds into the soil cracks.
Light helps the seeds germinate, so they should not be buried completely.
Add water until the soil is evenly moist (but not fully saturated).
Until the seeds sprout, ensure that the surface soil always stays moist. A plastic dome or bag may be used to
maintain near-100% humidity, but leave it open slightly to allow some fresh air in. You may need to drip a few drops of water over the seeds every day to keep the seeds
The ideal temperature for germination is between 65 to 77 degrees F (18-25°C). A little cooler at night is ok.
Avoid letting them get above 80° F (27°C). I recommend placing a
minimum/maximum thermometer near the pots,
especially if using a heating mat.
A fluorescent or LED bulb kept 4 inches (10 cm) away provides the right amount of
light for germination. Protect from direct sun.
They should start sprouting in 3 to 5 weeks, but allow up to 8 weeks for any slow ones to sprout. For the first 2-3 weeks after sprouting, continue keeping the
soil surface moist.
Lighting -- This Impatiens prefers bright shade, or filtered sunlight. Avoid prolonged direct sun, unless it's early-morning sun.
Transplanting -- When your plants are 2-3 months old, you may gently transfer them to a larger pot. Water the soil first, and avoid letting the soil ball break
apart, which can damage the roots. After transplanting, avoid packing the soil down, and do not fertilize the first week.
Watering -- Aim to keep the soil moist, but not soggy, most of the time. You may use a moisture meter probe to monitor the moisture levels down in the root zone.
Climate -- This Impatiens prefers mild temperatures. In warmer
areas, give it plenty of shade and moisture. Protect from freezing temperatures.
Above about 40% humidity is best.
Fertilizing -- The first 2 months, feed weekly with a small amount of dilute (1/8 strength) liquid
is ideal for seedlings, because it is easily absorbed and contains all essential
nutrients. After 6-8 weeks, you may
switch to a granular fertilizer that contains micronutrients, following the dosage on the package. Or
continue feeding weekly with liquid fertilizer at 1/8 strength.
If the older leaves appear pale/yellowish, the soil may be too dry down in the root zone. If soil moisture levels have been fine,
the plant may need more nitrogen fertilizer.. especially if light levels are high.
Pests to watch for -- aphids, scale (dark disks on the stems), mealy bugs.
before using stronger remedies, since some may harm the plant.
Contact me if you have questions.