Germinating the seeds
When to plant -- Plant them when you receive them for best results
Getting started -- Use small containers or cups that have drainage holes.
This plant prefers a well-draining soil. A
typical mix to germinate them in is 2
parts perlite to 1 part coir fiber or peat, with some slow-release fertilizer mixed in. An alternate mix is
3 parts potting soil to 2 part perlite. Screen the mix of any large
Until the seeds sprout, ensure that the surface soil stays moist. A plastic bag or dome may be used to maintain moisture, but leave it open slightly to allow some fresh air in.
The ideal temperature for germination is about 68 to 77 degrees F (20-25°C). A little cooler at night is ok.
Avoid letting the seeds get above 80° F (27°C) for prolonged periods. I recommend placing a minimum/maximum thermometer near the pots, especially if using a heating
mat. Keep them in a bright spot out of direct sunlight.
Continue keeping the soil surface moist the first month, but don't keep it perpetually soggy either.
If your tap water is very alkaline or "hard", meaning high in minerals, it's best to use bottled water or rainwater.
-- When they are 1 week old, give a very light dose of liquid fertilizer (about
1/8 strength), and repeat 2 weeks later.
Hydroponic fertilizer is
ideal for young seedlings,
since it is easily absorbed and complete. Once they are a month old, you
may switch to a general-purpose granular fertilizer, feeding about every 2
Transplanting -- Wait until
the plants are at least 3 months old before repotting. Water the soil
before transplanting, to keep the soil ball from breaking apart, which can
damage the roots.
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