When to plant -- Plant your seeds when you receive them for best germination.
Getting started -- You may
either plant them all in a single container, or use several smaller containers
and plant a few seeds in each. Either way, use pots with drainage holes
For soil, use a well draining mix that is high in organic matter. A typical mix is 2 parts potting soil to 1 part
perlite or coarse sand. An alternate mix is 1 part perlite to 1 part coir fiber, with some slow-release fertilizer mixed in.
Fill the pots with soil and place a seed or 2 on the surface.
If you have
long-fibered sphagnum moss (not ground peat moss),
sprinkle a thin layer over the pot, to retain
moisture around the seeds while allowing light to reach them, which aids
This photo shows how much moss to use.
If you do not have sphagnum moss,
sprinkle a very thin layer of your soil mix over the pot (about 1/16th of an
inch / 2 mm). It does not need to completely cover the surface - it's
just to maintain moisture around the seeds.
Next add water until everything is evenly moist (but not soggy).
Until the seeds sprout, ensure that the soil surface always stay moist. A plastic dome or bag may be used to maintain
near-100% humidity, but leave it open a crack to allow some fresh air in. You may need to drip a few drops of water over the seeds
once or twice a day to keep them moist.
The ideal temperature for germination is between 65 to
80 degrees F (18-27°C). A little cooler at night is ok.
Avoid letting them get too warm. I recommend placing a
minimum/maximum thermometer near the pots,
especially if using a heating mat.
The seeds need some light to germinate. A fluorescent
or LED bulb kept 4 inches (10 cm) away provides the right amount of
light. Protect from direct sun.
They should start germinating in 3 to 5 weeks and continue for another few weeks. Continue keeping the soil surface moist until they are a month old; then you may
allow the soil surface to dry between waterings. Give bright light but avoid giving direct sun until they are a few weeks old.
Fertilizing -- For the first
2 months, feed weekly with a small amount of diluted (1/8 strength) liquid fertilizer.
is ideal for seedlings, because it is easily absorbed and contains all essential
After 2 months, you may switch to a granular fertilizer if you prefer.
Choose one with micronutrients, and follow the dosage on the package.
Lighting -- It is happiest in part-sun, with some protection from strong afternoon sun. Acclimate
them to increased sun levels
slowly to avoid burning.
Transplanting -- When your plants are 2-3 months old, you may gently transfer them to a larger pot. For the first week after transplanting, shade from sun, and
give no liquid fertilizer.
Watering -- Aim to keep the soil evenly moist most of the time (but not soggy). You may use a moisture meter probe to monitor the moisture levels down in the root
zone. Give less water in cooler temperatures, and keep relatively dry when temperatures drop approach freezing.
Climate -- Adult plants tolerate a wide variety of temperatures, reportedly handling the low 20s (-6°C) as well as high heat.
But for the first 9-12 months, i recommend being cautious about exposing the
plants to temperature extremes, especially freezing conditions.