Plant the seeds right away for best germination
Getting started -- You may plant the seeds in individual, small containers. Or you plant them all in a single container, but the roots may be difficult to separate later when you transplant them.
This species prefers a well-draining soil that is high in organic matter. A
typical mix is 2 parts potting soil
to 1 part
(use small- or medium-size perlite, not large chunks). An alternate mix is
equal parts of
coir fiber and perlite
or coarse horticultural sand. If you create your own mix using
peat moss, add a dash of agricultural lime or dolomite lime (not hydrated or
quick lime). Add only 1/2 teaspoon (2.5 milliliter) of lime per
gallon (4 liters) of soil, mixed in well.
Until the seeds sprout, ensure that the surface soil doesn't dry out. A propagation dome or plastic bag may be used to maintain
humidity, but leave it open slightly to allow some fresh air in. The seeds need some light to germinate, such as an
LED or fluorescent bulb 4 inches (10 cm) above them. They
sprout well at about 65 to 77 degrees F (18-25°C). I have not germinated
them outside this temperature range. I recommend placing a
minimum/maximum thermometer near the pots.
Fertilizing - For the first 6
weeks, give a
very light dose of liquid fertilizer (about 1/8 strength) once a week.
Hydroponic fertilizer is
ideal for young seedlings,
since it is easily absorbed and complete. After 6 weeks, you may switch to a granular fertilizer if you wish.
It's normal for older leaves to occasionally turn yellow and drop, but if it seems excessive, check that the soil isn't too dry down in the root zone. If it's moist, the plant may need more fertilizer.
Transplanting -- When your plants are 2 months old, you may gently transfer them to a larger pot. Water the soil first, and
avoid letting the soil ball break apart. After transplanting, avoid packing the soil down, and do not fertilize or give sun the first week.
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